Model predictive control-based energy management strategy for a series hybrid electric tracked vehicle
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The series hybrid electric tracked bulldozer (HETB)’s fuel economy heavily depends on its energy management strategy. This paper presents a model predictive controller (MPC) to solve the energy management problem in an HETB for the first time. A real typical working condition of the HETB is utilized to develop the MPC. The results are compared to two other strategies: a rule-based strategy and a dynamic programming (DP) based one. The latter is a global optimization approach used as a benchmark. The effect of the MPC’s parameters (e.g. length of prediction horizon) is also studied. The comparison results demonstrate that the proposed approach has approximately a 6% improvement in fuel economy over the rule-based one, and it can achieve over 98% of the fuel optimality of DP in typical working conditions. To show the advantage of the proposed MPC and its robustness under large disturbances, 40% white noise has been added to the typical working condition. Simulation results show that an 8% improvement in fuel economy is obtained by the proposed approach compared to the rule-based one.
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Hong Wang, Yanjun Huang, Amir Khajepour, Qiang Song (2016). Model predictive control-based energy management strategy for a series hybrid electric tracked vehicle. UWSpace. http://hdl.handle.net/10012/11619
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