Physics and Astronomy Theses & Dissertations
This is the collection for the University of Waterloo's Department of Physics and Astronomy theses & dissertations.
Graduate students can submit a copy of their electronic thesis or dissertation to this collection to meet their degree requirements.
Recent Submissions

Topics in FaultTolerant Quantum Computation
(University of Waterloo, 20170112)This thesis contains the results of research projects broadly related to the pursuit of universal faulttolerant quantum computation. We are interested in questions such as which resources are required to achieve a quantum ... 
Electron transport in semiconducting nanowires and quantum dots
(University of Waterloo, 20170110)Single electrons confined in electrostatic quantum dots are a promising platform for realizing spin based quantum information processing. In this scheme, the spin of each electron is encoded as a qubit, and can be manipulated ... 
Conical Designs and Categorical Jordan Algebraic PostQuantum Theories
(University of Waterloo, 20170106)Physical theories can be characterized in terms of their state spaces and their evolutive equations. The kinematical structure and the dynamical structure of finite dimensional quantum theory are, in light of the ... 
Ultrafast manipulation of single photons using dispersion and sumfrequency generation
(University of Waterloo, 20161201)Single photons provide a natural platform for quantum communication and quantum networking, as they can be entangled in many degrees of freedom and maintain coherence over longdistance links. However, while their minimal ... 
Collective Dynamics in NMR and Quantum Noise
(University of Waterloo, 20161017)We introduced an open quantum system model to describe the statistical fluctuations of a spin ensemble in NMR. The model considers an ensemble measurement where the detection coil does not distinguish spins, and accounts ... 
Symmetric Extendability of Quantum States and the Extreme Limits of Quantum Key Distribution
(University of Waterloo, 20161013)We investigate QKD protocols with twoway classical postprocessing that are based on the wellknown sixstate and BB84 signal states. In these QKD protocols, the source (Alice) sends quantum signals to the receiver (Bob), ... 
The computational power of manybody systems
(University of Waterloo, 20160928)Manybody systems are well known throughout physics to be hard problems to exactly solve, but much of this is folklore resulting from the lack of an analytic solution to these systems. This thesis attempts to classify the ... 
In vitro test of a potential hypoxic radiosensitizer
(University of Waterloo, 20160928)Oxygen has long been known as a potent radiosensitizer that can enhance the cell killing effects in aerobic cells, while pruned vasculatures and lack of oxygen in the microenvironment of tumor can cause resistance to ... 
The Compilation of Reversible Circuits and a New Optimization Game
(University of Waterloo, 20160928)The focus of this thesis is reversible circuit compilation. We will explore the use of pebble games for circuit analysis. The usefulness of this technique is demonstrated by finding a new space bound for the Karatsuba ... 
Exploring the foundation of quantum information in quantum optics
(University of Waterloo, 20160921)Quantum information is promising in solving certain computational problems and information security. The power of its speed up and privacy is based on one of the most tested physical theory: quantum mechanics. Many of ... 
Exact results in QFT: Minimal Areas and Maximal Couplings
(University of Waterloo, 20160914)This thesis is devoted to a twopronged study of nonperturbative quantum field theory. In Part I we focus on the fourdimensional super conformal $\mathcal{N}=4$ Yang Mills theory. We compute smooth Wilson loops and ... 
Magnetic Ordering of Dipolar Spin Ice in Moderate [111] Field
(University of Waterloo, 20160908)This thesis explores the low temperature physics of the macroscopically degenerate system of dipolar spin ice in moderate fields applied along the [111] cubic axis. While most applications of field generically lift the ... 
Charged Black Hole Solutions in Alternative Theories of Gravity
(University of Waterloo, 20160906)In my thesis, I examine charged black holes in two contexts. The first part covers the formation of something analogous to event horizons for a class of LorentzViolating theories which allow for signals to travel faster ... 
Wavefront assessment and correction of the rat eye for two photon excitation therapies
(University of Waterloo, 20160831)Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a treatment in which light excites a photosensitive drug to produce oxygen radicals that kills nearby cells. Today, PDT’s is most commonly used application is for the destruction of cancerous ... 
Quantum key distribution devices: How to make them and how to break them
(University of Waterloo, 20160830)As more aspects of modern society depend on digital communication, we increasingly rely on infrastructure that ensures the privacy and security of this communication. Classically, this has been provided by cryptographic ... 
Exact Results in Supersymmetric Gauge Theory
(University of Waterloo, 20160830)Exact results are a key component for understanding any physical theory. Unfortunately in the context of quantum field theory (QFT) they are in general impossible to obtain, and we need some sort of approximations. However ... 
Surface Dynamics, Glass Transition, and Crystallization of Atactic Polystyrene
(University of Waterloo, 20160829)How polymers behave near the glass transition is one of the deepest questions in condensed matter physics. In the past two decades, the surface dynamics, glass transition, and crystallization of polymer thin films have ... 
ThreePhoton Excitation of Rubidium Atoms to Rydberg States in a Room Temperature Vapor Cell
(University of Waterloo, 20160829)This thesis presents a method for calculating the absorption of diode lasers in onephoton, twophoton and (Dopplerfree) threephoton excitation configurations. The specific threephoton system studied is atomic Rb, 5s1/2 ... 
Novel Methods in Quantum Error Correction
(University of Waterloo, 20160824)Quantum error correction is the backbone of faulttolerant quantum computation, a necessary requirement for any large scale quantum computer. The faulttolerance threshold theorem has long been a target for experimental ... 
Photons & Phonons: A roomtemperature diamond quantum memory
(University of Waterloo, 20160819)This thesis presents demonstrations of the storage and manipulation of single photons in a roomtemperature diamond quantum memory using a Raman memory protocol. We report on results from four experiments. In the first ...