Assessment and validation of liquid breakup models for high-pressure dense diesel sprays
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Liquid breakup in fuel spray and atomization significantly affects the consequent mixture formation, combustion behavior, and emission formation processes in a direct injection diesel engine. In this paper, different models for liquid breakup processes in high-pressure dense diesel sprays and its impact on multi-dimensional diesel engine simulation have been evaluated against experimental observations, along with the influence of the liquid breakup models and the sensitivity of model parameters on diesel sprays and diesel engine simulations. It is found that the modified Kelvin-Helmholtz (KH)–Rayleigh-Taylor (RT) breakup model gives the most reasonable predicted results in both engine simulation and high-pressure diesel spray simulation. For the standard KH-RT model, the model constant C bl for the breakup length has a significant effect on the predictability of the model, and a fixed value of the constant C bl cannot provide a satisfactory result for different operation conditions. The Taylor-analogybreakup (TAB) based models and the RT model do not provide reasonable predictions for the characteristics of high-pressure sprays and simulated engine performance and emissions.
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Yi Ren, Xianguo Li (2016). Assessment and validation of liquid breakup models for high-pressure dense diesel sprays. UWSpace. http://hdl.handle.net/10012/14170