Petroleomic analysis of the treatment of naphthenic organics in oil sands process-affected water with buoyant photocatalysts
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The persistence of toxicity associated with the soluble naphthenic organic compounds (NOCs) of oil sands process-affected water (OSPW) implies that a treatment solution may be necessary to enable safe return of this water to the environment. Due to recent advances in high-resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS), the majority of the toxicity of OSPW is currently understood to derive from a subset of toxic classes, comprising only a minority of the total NOCs. Herein, oxidative treatment of OSPW with buoyant photocatalysts was evaluated under a petroleomics paradigm: chemical changes across acid-, base- and neutral-extractable organic fractions were tracked throughout the treatment with both positive and negative ion mode electrospray ionization (ESI) Orbitrap MS. Elimination of detected OS+ and NO+ classes of concern in the earliest stages of the treatment, along with preferential degradation of high carbon-numbered O2− acids, suggest that photocatalysis may detoxify OSPW with higher efficiency than previously thought. Application of petroleomic level analysis offers unprecedented insights into the treatment of petroleum impacted water, allowing reaction trends to be followed across multiple fractions and thousands of compounds simultaneously.
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Tim Leshuk, Kerry M. Peru, Diogo de Oliveira Livera, Austin Tripp, Patrick Bardo, John V. Headley, Frank Gu (2018). Petroleomic analysis of the treatment of naphthenic organics in oil sands process-affected water with buoyant photocatalysts. UWSpace. http://hdl.handle.net/10012/13379
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