Application of a new grading scale for tear ferning in non-dry eye and dry eye subjects
Masmali, Ali M.
Al-Gasham, Talha M.
El-Hiti, Gamal A.
Murphy, Paul J.
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Purpose To apply the Masmali tear ferning (TF) grading scale on non-dry eye (NDE) and dry eye (DE) subjects to test the validity of the grading scale in practice, and to describe the grading scale range for NDE and DE. Method Forty NDE subjects (20 males, 20 females) and 40 DE subjects (23 males, 17 females) ranging in age from 19 to 53 years (mean ± SD: 25.3 ± 5.5) with no other ocular disease, no contact lens wear, and not pregnant or breastfeeding were recruited. McMonnies scores were used for subject grouping. Phenol red thread (PRT) and slit-lamp test were used. A tear sample was collected from right eye, which was then dried to produce a ferning pattern, that was observed using a digital microscope, and graded. Results Mean McMonnies, PRT and TF grade in NDE subjects were 7.1 ± 3.8, 27.4 ± 4.3 mm and 0.78 ± 0.40, respectively. Median McMonnies, PRT and TF grade in DE subjects were 16.5 ± 3.0, 9.0 ± 2.0 mm and 2.3 ± 1.48, respectively. In NDE subjects, grades 0.0–1.8 were observed (82.5% Grade 0.0–1.00). Grades 2.0–4.0 were observed in DE subjects (72.5% Grades 2.0–3.0). For all subjects, there were large correlations between TF grade and PRT (r = −0.79), PRT and McMonnies (r = −0.60), and TF and McMonnies (r = 0.73). Conclusions The Masmali TF grading scale showed good validity in describing the TF patterns. Grades ≥2 can be classified as abnormal patterns. The TF test has the potential to be used in the clinic.
Cite this work
Ali M. Masmali, Sultan AL-Qhtani, Talha M. Al-Gasham, Gamal A. El-Hiti, Christine Purslow, Paul J. Murphy (2014). Application of a new grading scale for tear ferning in non-dry eye and dry eye subjects. UWSpace. http://hdl.handle.net/10012/11475
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