This is the collection for the University of Waterloo's Department of Combinatorics and Optimization.

Recent Submissions

  • Approximating Minimum-Size 2-Edge-Connected and 2-Vertex-Connected Spanning Subgraphs 

    Narayan, Vishnu Verambudi (University of Waterloo, 2017-04-27)
    We study the unweighted 2-edge-connected and 2-vertex-connected spanning subgraph problems. A graph is 2-edge-connected if it is connected on removal of an edge, and it is 2-vertex-connected if it is connected on removal ...
  • Primal Cutting Plane Methods for the Traveling Salesman Problem 

    Stratopoulos, Christos (University of Waterloo, 2017-04-26)
    Most serious attempts at solving the traveling salesman problem (TSP) are based on the dual fractional cutting plane approach, which moves from one lower bound to the next. This thesis describes methods for implementing ...
  • Signature Schemes in the Quantum Random-Oracle Model 

    Eaton, Edward (University of Waterloo, 2017-04-25)
    A signature scheme is a fundamental component in modern digital communication. It allows for authenticated messages, without which it would be nearly impossible to ensure security when using most modern technologies. ...
  • Digital Signature Schemes Based on Hash Functions 

    Lafrance, Philip (University of Waterloo, 2017-04-19)
    Cryptographers and security experts around the world have been awakened to the reality that one day (potentially soon) large-scale quantum computers may be available. Most of the public-key cryptosystems employed today on ...
  • Approximation Algorithms for Clustering and Facility Location Problems 

    Ahmadian, Sara (University of Waterloo, 2017-04-06)
    Facility location problems arise in a wide range of applications such as plant or warehouse location problems, cache placement problems, and network design problems, and have been widely studied in Computer Science and ...
  • Efficient Composition of Discrete Time Quantum Walks 

    Lou, Xingliang (University of Waterloo, 2017-01-20)
    It is well known that certain search problems are efficiently solved by quantum walk algorithms. Of particular interest are those problems whose efficient solutions involve nesting of search algorithms. The nesting of ...
  • On The Density of Binary Matroids Without a Given Minor 

    Walsh, Zachary (University of Waterloo, 2016-12-21)
    This thesis is motivated by the following question: how many elements can a simple binary matroid with no $\PG(t,2)$-minor have? This is a natural analogue of questions asked about the density of graphs in minor-closed ...
  • Structure in Stable Matching Problems 

    Toth, William Justin (University of Waterloo, 2016-12-14)
    In this thesis we provide two contributions to the study of structure in stable matching problems. The first contribution is a short new proof for the integrality of Rothblum’s linear description of the convex hull of ...
  • Symmetries 

    Foldes, Stephane (University of Waterloo, 2016-10-03)
    Automorphisms of graphs, hypergraphs and disgraphs are investigated. The invariance of the chromatic polynomial in the rotor effect is disproved. New invariance results are obtained. It is shown that given any integer k ...
  • On Polynomial-time Path-following Interior-point Methods with Local Superlinear Convergence 

    Zhang, Shuxin (University of Waterloo, 2016-09-30)
    Interior-point methods provide one of the most popular ways of solving convex optimization problems. Two advantages of modern interior-point methods over other approaches are: (1) robust global convergence, and (2) the ...
  • FACES OF MATCHING POLYHEDRA 

    Pulleyblank, William R. (University of Waterloo, 2016-09-30)
    Let G = (V, E, ~) be a finite loopless graph, let b=(bi:ieV) be a vector of positive integers. A feasible matching is a vector X = (x.: j e: E) J of nonnegative integers such that for each node i of G, the sum of ...
  • Packing and Covering Odd (u,v)-trails in a Graph 

    Ibrahimpur, Sharat (University of Waterloo, 2016-09-27)
    In this thesis, we investigate the problem of packing and covering odd $(u,v)$-trails in a graph. A $(u,v)$-trail is a $(u,v)$-walk that is allowed to have repeated vertices but no repeated edges. We call a trail \emph{odd} ...
  • Applied Hilbert's Nullstellensatz for Combinatorial Problems 

    Romero Barbosa, Julian (University of Waterloo, 2016-09-23)
    Various feasibility problems in Combinatorial Optimization can be stated using systems of polynomial equations. Determining the existence of a \textit{stable set} of a given size, finding the \textit{chromatic number} of ...
  • Planar graphs without 3-cycles and with 4-cycles far apart are 3-choosable 

    Sullivan, Matthew (University of Waterloo, 2016-09-16)
    A graph G is said to be L-colourable if for a given list assignment L = {L(v)|v ∈ V (G)} there is a proper colouring c of G such that c(v) ∈ L(v) for all v in V (G). If G is L-colourable for all L with |L(v)| ≥ k for all ...
  • Computing the Residue Class of Partition Numbers 

    Shuldiner, Pavel (University of Waterloo, 2016-09-14)
    In 1919, Ramanujan initiated the study of congruence properties of the integer partition function $p(n)$ by showing that $$p(5n+4) \equiv 0 \mod{5}$$ and $$p(7n+5) \equiv 0 \mod{7}$$ hold for all integers $n$. These results ...
  • SUBMODULAR FUNCTIONS, GRAPHS AND INTEGER POLYHEDRA 

    Giles, Frederick Richard (University of Waterloo, 2016-09-12)
    This thesis is a study of the faces of certain combinatorially ­defined polyhedra. In particular, we examine the vertices and facets of these polyhedra. Chapter 2 contains the essential mathematical background in polyhedral ...
  • Covering Graphs and Equiangular Tight Frames 

    Rahimi, Fahimeh (University of Waterloo, 2016-09-02)
    Recently, there has been huge attention paid to equiangular tight frames and their constructions, due to the fact that the relationship between these frames and quantum information theory was established. One of the problems ...
  • ADMM for SDP Relaxation of GP 

    Sun, Hao (University of Waterloo, 2016-08-30)
    We consider the problem of partitioning the set of nodes of a graph G into k sets of given sizes in order to minimize the cut obtained after removing the k-th set. This is a variant of the well-known vertex separator ...
  • Cyclically 5-Connected Graphs 

    Chen, Da Qi (University of Waterloo, 2016-08-29)
    Tutte's Four-Flow Conjecture states that every bridgeless, Petersen-free graph admits a nowhere-zero 4-flow. This hard conjecture has been open for over half a century with no significant progress in the first forty years. ...
  • Unavoidable Minors of Large 5-Connected Graphs 

    Shantanam, Abhinav (University of Waterloo, 2016-08-24)
    This thesis shows that, for every positive integer $n \geq 5$, there exists a positive integer $N$ such that every $5-$connected graph with at least $N$ vertices has a minor isomorphic to one of thirty explicitly defined ...

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