Measurement and Modeling of Entropy Generation in Microchannels
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Entropy based design is a novel design method that incorporates the second law of thermodynamics with computational and experimental techniques to achieve the upper limits of performance and quality in engineering technologies. As the emerging technologies are pressing towards the theoretical limits of efficiency, the concept of entropy and entropy based design will have an increasing role of performance. Measuring entropy generation is a valuable diagnostic tool from which the areas with high destruction rates of available energy may be determined and re-designed. In this work, a general model is developed, based on previous analytical expressions for pressure drop and heat transfer, for predicting entropy generation in a microchannel. The model includes the effects due to developing and fully developed flow, entrance and exit geometries, cross-sectional shapes, aspect ratio, and different thermal boundary conditions. An experimental technique is presented that enables the measurement of the spatial istribution of entropy generation in a microchannel. The experimental method is a combination of Micro Particle Image velocimetry to measure the spatial distribution of velocity and Micro Laser Induced Fluorescence to determine the temperature data. This method provides certain advantages over conventional anemometry techniques. This method, offers the whole-field non-intrusive, and instantaneous measurement of entropy generation in the device; while, previous techniques are limited to single point, averaged measurements.