Disk-based Indexing for NIR-Trees using Polygon Overlays
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This thesis presents the NIR+-Tree, a disk-resident R-Tree variant that eliminates overlap among its minimum bounding rectangles (MBRs). The NIR+-Tree is an extension of the main-memory NIR-Tree, adopting techniques for efficient storage and retrieval on disk. By employing non-intersecting polygons instead of rectangles for data partitioning, the NIR+-Tree minimizes the number of spurious disk accesses incurred due to MBR overlap. To stabilize the height of the NIR+-Tree, the dynamically-sized polygons are stored in main-memory using an efficient encoding. Experimental results show that the NIR+-Tree is efficient at point queries and selective range queries, using 2× to 5× fewer disk accesses than its closest competitors, the R+-Tree and the R*-Tree. Additionally, this thesis investigates bulk-loading algorithms for the NIR+-Tree. Bulk-loading can be used to efficiently construct an index from a pre-defined set of data. Bulk-loading algorithms that generate MBRs with significant overlap create NIR+-Trees with undesirable, complex polygons. This thesis shows that top-down bulk-loading algorithms are better suited for the NIR+-Tree than bottom-up algorithms, due to their overlap minimizing properties. These techniques enable the NIR+-Tree to be a complete, disk-based indexing solution for spatial data.
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Fadhil Abubaker (2024). Disk-based Indexing for NIR-Trees using Polygon Overlays. UWSpace. http://hdl.handle.net/10012/20277