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dc.contributor.authorTang, Pinyan
dc.contributor.authorSun, Xu
dc.contributor.authorCao, Shi 17:10:00 (GMT) 00:00:00 (GMT)
dc.descriptionThe final publication is available at Elsevier via © 2020. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license
dc.description.abstractThe potential benefits of autonomous vehicles, including safety, convenience, fuel economy, and low emissions can only be achieved when consumers are comfortable with the vehicle design. There are only a limited number of user studies in the design of future autonomous vehicles, owing to the difficulties of shifting focus “from the present to the future.” An integrated method of simulator study and user enactment was applied in the research to bridge the gap between the current and the future. Thirty drivers participated in the study to experience enacted driving scenarios in an autonomous vehicle simulator. The participants were divided into two groups, i.e., driving-alone drivers and driving-with-a-passenger drivers, to investigate the effect of passenger presence. Rich data were elicited about possible in-vehicle activities, the corresponding requirements of information and functions to support any such activities. Also identified were the preferred methods of interacting with the information and functions. Passenger presence was found to have an influence on the attributes of activities undertaken as well as the preferences for in-vehicle information and functions. Dominant themes were identified in future autonomous vehicle designs, including a more flexible and adaptive design language, concerns of trust and safety, and trade-offs between safety and convenience and between privacy and social connection. Based on the findings, design implications for future autonomous vehicles are discussed.en
dc.description.sponsorshipNatural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) || S.C. [RGPIN-2015-04134] || Hefeng-Nottingham Innovative Design Laben
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International*
dc.subjectuser requirementsen
dc.subjectautonomous vehiclesen
dc.subjectdriver-vehicle interactionen
dc.subjectpassenger presenceen
dc.subjectin-vehicle activitiesen
dc.titleInvestigating user activities and the corresponding requirements for information and functions in autonomous vehicles of the futureen
dcterms.bibliographicCitationTang, P., Sun, X., & Cao, S. (2020). Investigating user activities and the corresponding requirements for information and functions in autonomous vehicles of the future. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 80, 103044.
uws.contributor.affiliation1Faculty of Engineeringen
uws.contributor.affiliation2Systems Design Engineeringen

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