Surfactant-Structure Dependent Interactions with Modified Starch Nanoparticles Probed by Fluorescence Spectroscopy
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The interactions between the surfactants sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and sodium dioctylsulfosuccinate (AOT) and starch nanoparticles hydrophobically modified with the hydrophobic dye pyrene (Py-SNPs) were investigated in water by steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence. The Py-SNPs formed interparticulate aggregates in water which were disrupted by adding SDS to the Py-SNP aqueous dispersions. SDS was found to interact with Py-SNPs at SDS concentrations that were close to two orders of magnitude lower than its CMC. These interactions led to the breakup of the Py-SNP aggregates which was confirmed by conducting fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) experiments between naphthalene-labeled SNPs (Np-SNPs) and Py-SNPs. By the time the SDS concentration reached the CMC of SDS, the Py-SNPs were separated from each other and excimer was generated from isolated Py-SNPs in the aqueous dispersions. While SDS interacted with the Py-SNPs at SDS concentrations lower than CMC, SDS did not seem to target the hydrophobic pyrene aggregates. Only above the CMC did SDS appear to interact with the pyrene aggregates as evidenced from diffusive pyrene excimer formation between excited and ground-state pyrenes. Most surprisingly, no interaction was observed between sodium dioctyl sulfosuccinate (AOT) and Py-SNP at AOT concentrations where SDS interacted with the Py-SNPs. This observation led to the conclusion that SDS below its CMC interacted not with hydrophobic pyrene aggregates, but rather through the formation of inclusion complexes which led to the electrostatic stabilization of individual Py-SNPs and enabled the breakup of Py-SNP aggregates. The formation of inclusion complexes with linear surfactants like SDS might thus provide a new means of stabilizing HMSNPs in water which bears the promise of finding future applications.
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Qian Zhang, Damin Kim, Lu Li, Sanjay Patel, Jean Duhamel (2019). Surfactant-Structure Dependent Interactions with Modified Starch Nanoparticles Probed by Fluorescence Spectroscopy. UWSpace. http://hdl.handle.net/10012/16677