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dc.contributor.authorChen, Jen-Yi
dc.contributor.authorDimitrov, Stanko 18:12:24 (GMT) 18:12:24 (GMT)
dc.descriptionThe final publication is available at Elsevier via © 2017. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license
dc.description.abstractWe consider the product and process innovation effort decisions a sustainable (eco) manufacturer (innovator/leader) makes in the presence of a traditional manufacturer (imitator/follower) who may procure a license or imitate innovation. While product development can be easily protected by patenting and licensing, process innovation is more difficult to protect. We find that the ignoring the potential of process imitation reduces profits for the innovating firm as the follower favors all-or-nothing imitation and many equilibrium strategies, from the leader’s perspective, are to deter copycatting behavior. We also show the eco-innovator may lose its competitive advantage through licensing its product innovation; moreover, licensing may result in more imitation. Lastly, we glean further insights by characterizing the equilibrium strategies with respect to cost-related factors.en
dc.description.sponsorshipJen-Yi Chen would like to thank Monte Ahuja College of Business Dean’s Faculty Development grant and University Research Council at Cleveland State University for a Graduate Faculty Travel Grant in support of this project. Stanko Dimitrov would like to acknowledge funding he received from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) that supported his work on this manuscript.en
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International*
dc.subjectprocess innovationen
dc.subjectproduct developmenten
dc.titleEco-Innovation with Opportunity of Licensing and Threat of Imitationen
dcterms.bibliographicCitationChen, Jen-Yi, and Stanko Dimitrov. “Eco-Innovation with Opportunity of Licensing and Threat of Imitation.” Journal of Cleaner Production 147 (March 20, 2017): 306–18.
uws.contributor.affiliation1Faculty of Engineeringen
uws.contributor.affiliation2Management Sciencesen

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