Image-based spatio-temporal model of drug delivery in a heterogeneous vasculature of a solid tumor — Computational approach
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The solute transport distribution in a tumor is an important criterion in the evaluation of the cancer treatment efficacy. The fraction of killed cells after each treatment can quantify the therapeutic effect and plays as a helpful tool to evaluate the chemotherapy treatment schedules. In the present study, an image-based spatio-temporal computational model of a solid tumor is provided for calculation of interstitial fluid flow and solute transport. Current model incorporates heterogeneous microvasculature for angiogenesis instead of synthetic mathematical modeling. In this modeling process, a comprehensive model according to Convection-Diffusion-Reaction (CDR) equations is employed due to its high accuracy for simulating the binding and the uptake of the drug by tumor cells. Based on the velocity and the pressure distribution, transient distribution of the different drug concentrations (free, bound, and internalized) is calculated. Then, the fraction of killed cells is obtained according to the internalized concentration. Results indicate the dependence of the drug distribution on both time and space, as well as the microvasculature density. Free and bound drug concentration have the same trend over time, whereas, internalized and total drug concentration increases over time and reaches a constant value. The highest amount of concentration occurred in the tumor region due to the higher permeability of the blood vessels. Moreover, the fraction of killed cells is approximately 78.87% and 24.94% after treatment with doxorubicin for cancerous and normal tissues, respectively. In general, the presented methodology may be applied in the field of personalized medicine to optimize patient-specific treatments. Also, such image-based modeling of solid tumors can be used in laboratories that working on drug delivery and evaluating new drugs before using them for any in vivo or clinical studies.
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Farshad M. Kashkooli, Madjid Soltani, Mohsen Rezaeian, Erfan Taatizadeh, Mohammad-Hossein Hamedi (2019). Image-based spatio-temporal model of drug delivery in a heterogeneous vasculature of a solid tumor — Computational approach. UWSpace. http://hdl.handle.net/10012/15656
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