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dc.contributor.authorWammes, Jeffrey D.
dc.contributor.authorRalph, Brandon
dc.contributor.authorMills, Caitlin
dc.contributor.authorBosch, Nigel
dc.contributor.authorDuncan, Tracy L.
dc.contributor.authorSmilek, Daniel 19:10:40 (GMT) 19:10:40 (GMT)
dc.descriptionThe final publication is available at Elsevier via © 2019. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license
dc.description.abstractIn university classrooms, the use of laptops or smartphones for purposes unrelated to the lecture is on the rise. Consequently, it is important to understand how frequently this behavior occurs, to track whether it increases throughout a lecture, and to quantify the potential costs to learning. In two studies, we measured rates of disengagement during lectures related to media use (i.e. media multitasking; Studies 1 & 2) and lecture-unrelated thoughts (i.e. mind wandering; Study 2). We also measured the impact of these behaviors on learning using quiz questions at the end of each lecture, and students’ actual course tests. In both Study 1 and 2, we found that rates of media multitasking were relatively high and increased as time elapsed in a lecture, while in Study 2, consistent with prior work, rates of mind wandering remained relatively stable. Interestingly, media multitasking - but not mind wandering - was associated with negative learning outcomes.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was supported by a Natural Science and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) Discovery Grant to Daniel Smilek, an NSERC Postdoctoral Fellowship to Jeffrey D. Wammes, and an NSERC Postgraduate Doctoral Scholarship to Brandon C. W. Ralph.en
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International*
dc.subjectmedia in educationen
dc.subjectpost-secondary educationen
dc.subjectpedagogical issuesen
dc.titleDisengagement during lectures: Media multitasking and mind wandering in university classroomsen
dcterms.bibliographicCitationWammes J.D., Ralph B.C.W., Mills C., Bosch N., Duncan T.L. & Smilek D., Disengagement during lectures: Media multitasking and mind wandering in university classrooms, Computers & Education (2019), doi:
uws.contributor.affiliation1Faculty of Artsen

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