Atomic force microscopy analysis of the effect of plasma treatment on gas permeable contact lens surface topography
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Purpose: Using atomic force microscopy (AFM) to investigate anterior surface topography (AST) in worn and unworn, plasma surface-treated (PST) and untreated (UT) gas permeable (GP) lenses, and influence of surface topography on in vivo comfort. Methods: GP lens AST evaluated with AFM in tapping mode, using an uncoated, 40 nm symmetric tip (sampling frequency: 300 kHz), at five randomised locations, over a 100μm2 area, to produce mean average roughness (Ra) and root mean square (RMS) values for each sample. Four unworn lenses (two PST, two UT) were examined (Quasar/Boston EO material). Twenty worn lenses (ten PST, ten UT) of same design and material as unworn lenses collected after 3 months lens wear. General wearing comfort reported by visual analogue scale (VAS) at 3 months visit. For sample preparation, two worn UT GP lenses were divided into four segments; each segment underwent a different lens rinse and drying method. Results: Unworn: UT lenses had significantly higher mean RMS and Ra values compared to PST (Mann-Whitney, p < 0.05). Worn: UT Median RMS values were significantly higher than PST (Mann-Whitney, p < 0.05). Comfort: no correlation found between general comfort and RMS or Ra scores. Sample preparation: Method 4 (purified, distilled water rinse/nitrogen gas dry) produced optimum median RMS and Ra values. Conclusions: Unworn PST GP lenses had lower Ra and RMS values compared with unworn UT GP lenses. After 3 months wear, PST lenses had smoother surface topographies than UT lenses. No relationship was found between surface topography and lens wear comfort. Sample preparation protocol directly impacts AFM results.
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Felicity Gill, Christine Purslow, Paul J. Murphy (2019). Atomic force microscopy analysis of the effect of plasma treatment on gas permeable contact lens surface topography. UWSpace. http://hdl.handle.net/10012/15352