Reduction of chlorendic acid by zero-valent iron: Kinetics, products, and pathways
MetadataShow full item record
Chlorendic acid (CA) is a recalcitrant groundwater contaminant for which an effective treatment technology does not currently exist. In this study, a series of batch experiments were conducted to investigate the treatment of CA by zero-valent iron (ZVI) under various water chemistry conditions. It was observed that CA was removed by ZVI via both adsorption and degradation, with the degradation rate being proportional to the fraction of CA adsorbed onto ZVI. The rate of CA degradation decreased as pH increased, presumably due to the passivation of ZVI and diminishing CA adsorption. Chloride (Cl−) did not appreciably affect CA adsorption and degradation, while sulfate (SO42−) significantly inhibited both processes because SO42− competed with CA for ZVI adsorptive sites. The rate of CA degradation was significantly accelerated by ZVI-associated Fe(II). Nine byproducts of CA transformation were identified by high-resolution mass spectrometry. The formation and subsequent degradation of these products revealed that the transformation of CA by ZVI occurred via a step-wise reductive dechlorination pathway. Overall, this study suggests that ZVI may be effective at remediating CA-contaminated sites.
Cite this version of the work
Min Sik Kim, Emily Piggott, Nick Zrinyi, Changha Lee, Anh Le-Tuan Pham (2020). Reduction of chlorendic acid by zero-valent iron: Kinetics, products, and pathways. UWSpace. http://hdl.handle.net/10012/15283
The following license files are associated with this item: