Synthesis of carboxylated derivatives of poly(isobutylene-co-isoprene) by azide–alkyne “click” chemistry
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The synthesis of carboxylated derivatives of poly(isobutylene-co-isoprene) (isobutylene–isoprene rubber, IIR) with substitution levels ranging from 1 to 4 mol% and different spacer lengths was accomplished through azide–alkyne Huisgen cycloaddition. Azido-functionalized IIR was first prepared by reacting brominated IIR with sodium azide to full conversion in a 90:10 tetrahydrofuran/N,N-dimethylacetamide mixture. The click reaction of azido-functionalized IIR with acetylenic acids, which was carried out using the copper(I) bromide/N,N,N′,N″,N″-pentamethyldiethylenetriamine catalyst system in tetrahydrofuran, yielded carboxylated IIRs. The products were characterized by 1H NMR and FT-IR spectroscopy, and their molecular weight was determined by size exclusion chromatography analysis. The conversion to carboxylated groups reached up to 100% as determined by NMR spectroscopy but was highly dependent on the type of solvent and the amounts of catalysts and reactants used in the procedures.
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Vishnu D. Deepak, Ilias Mahmud, Mario Gauthier (2018). Synthesis of carboxylated derivatives of poly(isobutylene-co-isoprene) by azide–alkyne “click” chemistry. UWSpace. http://hdl.handle.net/10012/14070