Metal-organic frameworks derived platinum-cobalt bimetallic nanoparticles in nitrogen-doped hollow porous carbon capsules as a highly active and durable catalyst for oxygen reduction reaction
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Pt-based nanomaterials are regarded as the most efficient electrocatalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). However, widespread adoption of PEMFCs requires solutions to major challenges encountered with ORR catalysts, namely high cost, sluggish kinetics, and low durability. Herein, a new efficient method utilizing Co-based metal-organic frameworks is developed to produce PtCo bimetallic nanoparticles embedded in unique nitrogen-doped hollow porous carbon capsules. The obtained catalyst demonstrates an outstanding ORR performance, with a mass activity that is 5.5 and 13.5 times greater than that of commercial Pt/C and Pt black, respectively. Most importantly, the product exhibits dramatically improved durability in terms of both electrochemically active surface area (ECAS) and mass activity compared to commercial Pt/C and Pt black catalysts. The remarkable ORR performance demonstrated here can be attributed to the structural features of the catalyst (its alloy structure, high dispersion and fine particle size) and the carbon support (its nitrogen dopant, large surface area and hollow porous structure).
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Je Ying, Jing Li, Gaopeng Jiang, Zachary Paul Cano, Zhong Ma, Cheng Zhong, Dong Su, Zhongwei Chen (2018). Metal-organic frameworks derived platinum-cobalt bimetallic nanoparticles in nitrogen-doped hollow porous carbon capsules as a highly active and durable catalyst for oxygen reduction reaction. UWSpace. http://hdl.handle.net/10012/13445
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