Integrated Trajectory-Tracking and Vibration Control of Kinematically-Constrained Warehousing Cable Robots
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With the explosion of e-commerce in recent years, there is a strong desire for automated material handling solutions including warehousing robots. Cable driven parallel robots (CDPRs) are a relatively new concept which has yet to be explored for high-speed pick-&-place applications in the industry. Compared to rigid-link parallel robots, a CDPR possesses significant advantages including: large workspace, low moving inertia, high-speed motion, low power consumption, and incurring minimal maintenance cost. On the other hand, the main disadvantages of the CDPRs are the cable’s unilateral force exerting capability and low rigidity which is resulting in undesired vibrations of their moving platform. Kinematically-constrained CDPRs (KC-CDPRs) include a special class of CDPRs which provide a considerably higher level of stiffness in undesired degrees of freedom (DOFs) via connecting a set of constrained cables to the same actuator. Nevertheless, undesired vibrations of the moving platform are still their main problem which request more attention and investigation. Dynamic modeling, stiffness optimization, vibration and trajectory-tracking control, and stiffness-based trajectory-planning of redundant KC-CDPRs are studied in this thesis. As a new technique, we separate the moving platform’s vibration equations from its desired (nominal) equations of motion. The obtained vibration model forms a linear parametric variable (LPV) dynamic system which is based for the following contributions: 1) Proposing a new tension optimization approach to minimize undesired perturbations under external disturbances in a desired direction; and demonstrating the effectiveness of kinematically-constrained actuation method in vibration attenuation of CDPRs in undesired DOFs. 2) Providing the opportunity of using a wide class of well-established robust and optimal LPV-based control methods, such as H∞ control techniques, for trajectory-tracking control of CDPRs to minimize the effect of disturbances on the robot operation; and showing the effectiveness of kinematically-constrained actuation method in control design simplification of such robots. 3) Proposing the concept of stiffness-based trajectory-planning to find the stiffness-optimum geometry of trajectories for KC-CDPRs; and designing a time-optimal zero-to-zero continuous-jerk motion to track such trajectories. All the proposed concepts are developed for a generic KC-CDPR and verified via numerical analysis and experimental tests of a real planar warehousing KC-CDPR.
Cite this version of the work
Hamed Jamshidifar (2018). Integrated Trajectory-Tracking and Vibration Control of Kinematically-Constrained Warehousing Cable Robots. UWSpace. http://hdl.handle.net/10012/13229