On the role of the microporous layer in PEMFC operation
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The condition of liquid water breakthrough at the cathode of polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEMFC) is studied experimentally and data on corresponding water saturation and capillary pressure are provided for gas diffusion layers (GDL) with and without a microporous layer (MPL). The data demonstrate that the GDL saturation at water breakthrough is drastically reduced from ca. 25% to ca. 5% in the presence of MPL This observation is consistent with considerations of invasion percolation in finite-size lattices and suggests an explanation for the role of MPL in improving PEMFC performance at high current densities.
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Jeffrey Thomas Gostick, Marios A. Ioannidis, Michael W. Fowler, Mark D. Pritzker (2009). On the role of the microporous layer in PEMFC operation. UWSpace. http://hdl.handle.net/10012/12835
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