Design and evaluation of a real-time fuel-optimal control system for series hybrid electric vehicles
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We propose a real-time optimal controller that will reduce fuel consumption in a series hybrid electric vehicle (HEV). This real-time drive cycle-independent controller is designed using a control-oriented model and Pontryagin's minimum principle for an off-line optimisation problem, and is shown to be optimal in real-time applications. Like other proposed controllers in the literature, this controller still requires some information about future driving conditions, but the amount of information is reduced. Although the controller design procedure explained here is based on a series HEV with NiMH battery as the electric energy storage, the same procedure can be used to find the supervisory controller for a series HEV with an ultra-capacitor. To evaluate the performance of the model-based controller, it is coupled to a high-fidelity series HEV model that includes physics-based component models and low-level controllers. The simulation results show that the simplified control-oriented model is accurate enough in predicting real vehicle behaviour, and final fuel consumption can be reduced using the model-based controller. Such a reduction in HEVs fuel consumption will significantly contribute to nationwide fuel saving.
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Reza Sharif Razavian, Amir Taghavipour, Nasser Lashgarian Azad, John McPhee (2012). Design and evaluation of a real-time fuel-optimal control system for series hybrid electric vehicles. UWSpace. http://hdl.handle.net/10012/11910
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