Facial expression discrimination varies with presentation time but not with fixation on features: A backward masking study using eye-tracking
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The current study investigated the effects of presentation time and fixation to expression-specific diagnostic features on emotion discrimination performance, in a backward masking task. While no differences were found when stimuli were presented for 16.67 ms, differences between facial emotions emerged beyond the happy-superiority effect at presentation times as early as 50 ms. Happy expressions were best discriminated, followed by neutral and disgusted, then surprised, and finally fearful expressions presented for 50 and 100 ms. While performance was not improved by the use of expression-specific diagnostic facial features, performance increased with presentation time for all emotions. Results support the idea of an integration of facial features (holistic processing) varying as a function of emotion and presentation time.
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Karly Neath, Roxane J. Itier (2014). Facial expression discrimination varies with presentation time but not with fixation on features: A backward masking study using eye-tracking. UWSpace. http://hdl.handle.net/10012/11422