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dc.contributor.authorHelwa, Youssef
dc.contributor.authorDave, Neeshma
dc.contributor.authorFroidevaux, Romain
dc.contributor.authorSamadi, Azadeh
dc.contributor.authorLiu, Juewen 16:35:46 (GMT) 16:35:46 (GMT)
dc.descriptionThis document is the Accepted Manuscript version of a Published Work that appeared in final form in Applied Materials and Interfaces copyright © American Chemical Society after peer review and technical editing by publisher. To access the final edited and published work see Helwa, Y., Dave, N., Froidevaux, R., Samadi, A., & Liu, J. (2012). Aptamer-Functionalized Hydrogel Microparticles for Fast Visual Detection of Mercury(II) and Adenosine. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 4(4), 2228–2233.
dc.description.abstractWith a low optical background, high loading capacity, and good biocompatibility, hydrogels are ideal materials for immobilization of biopolymers to develop optical biosensors. We recently immobilized mercury and lead binding DNAs within a monolithic gel and demonstrated ultrasensitive visual detection of these heavy metals. The high sensitivity was attributed to the enrichment of the analytes into the gels. The signaling kinetics was slow, however, taking about 1 h to obtain a stable optical signal because of a long diffusion distance. In this work, we aim to understand the analyte enrichment process and improve the signaling kinetics by preparing hydrogel microparticles. DNA-functionalized gel beads were synthesized using an emulsion polymerization technique and most of the beads were between 10 and 50 μm. Acrydite-modified DNA was incorporated by copolymerization. Visual detection of 10 nM Hg2+ was still achieved and a stable signal was obtained in just 2 min. The gel beads could be spotted to form a microarray and dried for storage. A new visual sensor for adenosine was designed and immobilized within the gel beads. The adenosine aptamer binds its target about 1000-fold less tightly compared to the mercury binding DNA, allowing a comparison to be made on analyte enrichment by aptamer-functionalized hydrogels.en
dc.description.sponsorshipUniversity of Waterloo || Canada Foundation for Innovation || Ontario Ministry of Research and Innovation || Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council ||en
dc.publisherAmerican Chemical Societyen
dc.titleAptamer-Functionalized Hydrogel Microparticles for Fast Visual Detection of Mercury(II) and Adenosineen
dcterms.bibliographicCitationHelwa, Y., Dave, N., Froidevaux, R., Samadi, A., & Liu, J. (2012). Aptamer-functionalized hydrogel microparticles for fast visual detection of mercury (II) and adenosine. ACS applied materials & interfaces, 4(4), 2228-2233.en
uws.contributor.affiliation1Faculty of Scienceen
uws.contributor.affiliation2Waterloo Institute for Nanotechnology (WIN)en

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