Adsorption of surface-modified silica nanoparticles to the interface of melt poly (lactic acid) and supercritical carbon dioxide
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With the purpose of fabricating polymer nanocomposite foams and preventing coalescence in foaming processes, the interfacial tension of poly (lactic acid) (PLA) -silica composites is investigated in this work. Synthesized silica nanoparticles(SNs) with a CO2 - philic surface modification are used as the dispersednanoparticles. Interfacial tension is a key parameter in processing of polymer foamssince it directly affects the final foam properties, such as cell size and cell density.Interfacial tension of silica-containing PLA and supercritical carbon dioxide (CO2)is measured using Axisymmetric Drop Shape Analysis Profile (ADSA-P) pendantdrop method at high pressures and high temperatures. The interfacial tensionbetween PLA and supercritical CO2 is observed to decrease as a result ofnanoparticles’ adsorption to the interface. These results indicate that the reductionin interfacial tension with increasing silica content significantly deviates from alinear trend; there is a minimum at 2 wt. % loading of the SNs and then the interfacialtension curve reaches a plateau. Contact angle measurements show an affinity of theSNs for the polymer-supercritical CO2 interface, and these obtained results are usedto calculate the binding energy of the nanoparticles to the PLA / CO2 interface. Inaddition to interfacial properties, the adsorption of silica nanoparticles at theinterface is also studied in detail with Scanning Electron Microscopy.
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R.B. Thompson, C. B. Park, P. Chen, K. Jeddi, K. Sarikhani (2015). Adsorption of surface-modified silica nanoparticles to the interface of melt poly (lactic acid) and supercritical carbon dioxide. UWSpace. http://hdl.handle.net/10012/10328