DistNeo4j: Scaling Graph Databases through Dynamic Distributed Partitioning
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Social networks are large graphs which require multiple servers to store and manage them. Providing performant scalable systems that store these graphs through partitioning them into subgraphs is an important issue. In such systems each partition is hosted by a server to satisfy multiple objectives. These objectives include balancing server loads, reducing remote traversals (number of edges cut), and adapting the partitioning to changes in the structure of the graph in the face of changing workloads. To address these issues, a dynamic repartitioning algorithm is required to modify an existing partitioning to maintain good quality partitions. Such a repartitioner should not impose a significant overhead to the system. This thesis introduces a greedy repartitioner, which dynamically modifies a partitioning using a small amount of resources. In contrast to the existing repartitioning algorithms, the greedy repartitioner is performant (in terms of time and memory), making it suitable for implementing and using it in a real system. The greedy repartitioner is integrated into DistNeo4j, which is designed as an extension of the open source Neo4j graph database system, to support workloads over partitioned graph data distributed over multiple servers. Using real-world data sets, this thesis shows that DistNeo4j leverages the greedy repartitioner to maintain high quality partitions and provides a 2 to 3 times performance improvement over the de-facto hash-based partitioning.
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Daniel Nicoara (2014). DistNeo4j: Scaling Graph Databases through Dynamic Distributed Partitioning. UWSpace. http://hdl.handle.net/10012/8525