Resource Management in Virtualized Data Center
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As businesses are increasingly relying on the cloud to host their services, cloud providers are striving to offer guaranteed and highly-available resources. To achieve this goal, recent proposals have advocated to offer both computing and networking resources in the form of Virtual Data Centers (VDCs). However, to offer VDCs, cloud providers have to overcome several technical challenges. In this thesis, we focus on two key challenges: (1) the VDC embedding problem: how to efficiently allocate resources to VDCs such that energy costs and bandwidth consumption are minimized, and (2) the availability-aware VDC embedding and backup provisioning problem which aims at allocating resources to VDCs with hard guarantees on their availability. The first part of this thesis is primarily concerned with the first challenge. The goal of the VDC embedding problem is to allocate resources to VDCs while minimizing the bandwidth usage in the data center and maximizing the cloud provider's revenue. Existing proposals have focused only on the placement of VMs and ignored mapping of other types of resources like switches. Hence, we propose a new VDC embedding solution that explicitly considers the embedding of virtual switches in addition to virtual machines and communication links. Simulations show that our solution results in high acceptance rate of VDC requests, less bandwidth consumption in the data center network, and increased revenue for the cloud provider. In the second part of this thesis, we study the availability-aware VDC embedding and backup provisioning problem. The goal is to provision virtual backup nodes and links in order to achieve the desired availability for each VDC. Existing solutions addressing this challenge have overlooked the heterogeneity of the data center equipment in terms of failure rates and availability. To address this limitation, we propose a High-availability Virtual Infrastructure (Hi-VI) management framework that jointly allocates resources for VDCs and their backups while minimizing total energy costs. Hi-VI uses a novel technique to compute the availability of a VDC that considers both (1) the heterogeneity of the data center networking and computing equipment, and (2) the number of redundant virtual nodes and links provisioned as backups. Simulations demonstrate the effectiveness of our framework compared to heterogeneity-oblivious solutions in terms of revenue and the number of physical servers used to embed VDCs.