Radio Resource Management for Cellular CDMA Systems Supporting Heterogeneous Services
A novel radio resource management (RRM) scheme, which jointly considers the system characteristics from the physical, link and network layers, is proposed for cellular code division multiple access (CDMA) systems. Specifically, the power distribution at the physical layer distributes only the necessary amount of power to each connection in order to achieve its required signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR). The rate allocation guarantees the required delay/jitter for real-time traffic and the minimum transmission rate requirement for non-real-time traffic. Efficient rate allocation is achieved by making use of the randomness and burstiness of the packet generation process. At the link layer, a packet scheduling scheme is developed based on the information of power distribution and rate allocation from the physical layer to achieve guaranteed quality of service (QoS). It schedules the system resource on a time slot basis to efficiently utilize the system resource in every time slot and to improve the packet throughput for non-real-time traffic. A connection admission control (CAC) scheme based on the lower layer resource allocation information is proposed at the network layer. The CAC scheme also makes use of user mobility information to reduce handoff connection dropping probability (HCDP). Theoretical analysis of the grade of service (GOS) performance, in terms of new connection blocking probability (NCBP), HCDP, and resource utilization, is given. Numerical results show that the proposed RRM scheme can achieve both effective QoS guarantee and efficient resource utilization.