A Comprehensive Test and Diagnostic Strategy for TCAMs
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Content addressable memories (CAMs) are gaining popularity with computer networks. Testing costs of CAMs are extremely high owing to their unique configuration. In this thesis, a fault analysis is carried out on an industrial ternary CAM (TCAM) design, and search path test algorithms are designed. The proposed algorithms are able to test the TCAM array, multiple-match resolver (MMR), and match address encoder (MAE). The tests represent a 6x decrease in test complexity compared to existing algorithms, while dramatically improving fault coverage.