A Low Jitter Analog Circuit for Precisely Correcting Timing Skews in Time Interleaved Analog-to-Digital Converters
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Time-interleaved analog-to-digital converters are an attractive architecture for achieving a high speed, high resolution ADC in a power efficient manner. However, due to process and manufacturing variations, timing skews occur between the sampling clocks of the sub ADCs within the TI-ADC. These timing skews compromise the spurious free dynamic range of the converter. In addition, jitter on the sampling clocks, degrades the signal-to-noise ratio of the TI-ADC. Therefore, in order to maintain an acceptable spurious free dynamic range and signal to noise ratio, it is necessary to correct the timing skews while adding minimal jitter. Two analog-based architectures for correcting timing skews were investigated, with one being selected for implementation. The selected architecture and additional test circuitry were designed and fabricated in a 0.18µm CMOS process and tested using a 125 MSPS 16 bit ADC. The circuit achieves a correction precision on the order of 10’s of femtoseconds for timing skews as large as approximately 180 picoseconds, while adding less than 200 femtoseconds of rms jitter.