Magnetic and Structural Investigation of Manganese Doped SnO_2 and In_2 O_3 Nanocrystals
MetadataShow full item record
Diluted magnetic semiconductor oxides (DMSOs) have received great attention recently due to their outstanding applications in optoelectronic and spintronic devices. Ever since the initial observation of ferromagnetism at room temperature in cobalt-doped titania, extensive effort is concentrated on preparation of transition metal doped wide band gap semiconductors, especially Mn- doped ZnO. Compared to Mn-doped ZnO, magnetic interactions in SnO! and In!O! semiconductors have been underexplored. SnO! and In!O! semiconductors have many applications, owing to their high charge carrier density and mobility as well as high optical transparency. Investigation on electronic structure changes induced by dopants during the synthesis procedure can effectively influence magnetic interactions between charge carriers. In this work, a combination of structural and spectroscopic methods was used to probe as-synthesized SnO! and In!O! nanocrystals doped with Mn!! and Mn!! as precursors. X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) and extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectroscopy are powerful techniques to explore formal oxidation state of manganese dopant, electronic environment, number of nearest neighbors around the absorbent, and bond lengths to the neighboring atoms. Analysis reveals the presence of multiple oxidation states in the doped nanocrystals, and establishes a relation between !"!! ratio and expansion or contraction of lattice parameters. !"!! Although doping semiconductors are crucial for manipulating the functional properties, the influence of dopants on nanocrystals structure is not well understood. Nanocrystalline films prepared from colloidal Mn-doped SnO! and In!O! nanocrystals through spin coating process exhibit ferromagnetic behavior in temperatures ranging from 5 K to 300 K. Magnetic transformation from paramagnetic in free-standing Mn-doped nanocrystals to strong ferromagnetic ordering in nanocrystalline films is attributed to the formation of extended structural defects, e.g., oxygen vacancies at the nanocrystals interface. Magnetic circular dichroism (MCD) studies clearly show that Mn!! occupies different symmetry sites in indium oxide, when bixbyite and rhombohedral In!O! nanocrystals (NCs) are compared.