A methodology for designing 2.45 GHz wireless rectenna system utilizing Dickson Charge Pump with Optimized Power Efficiency
Masud, Prince Mahdi
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In the present thesis, I have proposed methodology of two stages Dickson charge pump, which is capable of harvesting energy at 2.45 GHz RF signal to power any low powered device. Presented design uses a simple and inexpensive circuit consisting of four microstrip patch antennas, some zero-bias Schottky diodes, Wilkinson power divider and a few passive components. Circuit was fabricated on a 60 mils RO4350B substrate (=3.66), with 1.4 mils copper conductor. Demonstration showed the charge pump provides a good performance, as it drives the low powered devices with as low as 10dBm input power at 1m away from the energy source. Thesis paper will present design techniques illustrated with data obtained on prototype circuits. The objective is to wirelessly gather energy from one RF source and convert it into usable DC power that is further applied to a set of low power electronic devices. Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tag system could also be improved using this method. RF-to-DC conversion is accomplished by designing and characterizing an element commonly known as a Rectenna, which consists of an antenna and an associated rectification circuitry. The rectenna is fully characterized in this dissertation and is used for charging low powered devices.