Application of Data mining in Medical Applications
Eapen, Arun George
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Abstract Data mining is a relatively new field of research whose major objective is to acquire knowledge from large amounts of data. In medical and health care areas, due to regulations and due to the availability of computers, a large amount of data is becoming available. On the one hand, practitioners are expected to use all this data in their work but, at the same time, such a large amount of data cannot be processed by humans in a short time to make diagnosis, prognosis and treatment schedules. A major objective of this thesis is to evaluate data mining tools in medical and health care applications to develop a tool that can help make timely and accurate decisions. Two medical databases are considered, one for describing the various tools and the other as the case study. The first database is related to breast cancer and the second is related to the minimum data set for mental health (MDS-MH). The breast cancer database consists of 10 attributes and the MDS-MH dataset consists of 455 attributes. As there are a number of data mining algorithms and tools available we consider only a few tools to evaluate on these applications and develop classification rules that can be used in prediction. Our results indicate that for the major case study, namely the mental health problem, over 70 to 80% accurate results are possible. A further extension of this work is to make available classification rules in mobile devices such as PDAs. Patient information is directly inputted onto the PDA and the classification of these inputted values takes place based on the rules stored on the PDA to provide real time assistance to practitioners.