Nanostructures based on cyclic C6
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The properties of a new family of carbon structures based on stacked cyclic C6 rings and intercalated cyclic C6 structures: (C6)n and (C6)nMen-1 have been studied theoretically using ab initio DFT (Density Functional Theory). Calculations of the structural, electronic, and vibrational properties of a range of these molecules have been carried out using DFT techniques with the best correspondence to experimental results. The chemical and structural stability of structures based on stacks of cyclic C6 has also been estimated for pure carbon molecules (C6)n and for metal-organic sandwich molecules intercalated with Fe and Ru atoms. These have (C6)nFen-1 and (C6)n Run-1 compositions, respectively These structures are predicted to show a variety of new electronic, vibrational and magnetic properties. Ultra-small diameter tubular molecules are also found to have unique rotational electron states and high atomic orbital pi-sigma hybridization giving rise to a high density of electron states. All phonons in these structures have collinear wave vectors leading to an ultrahigh density of phonon states in dominant modes suggesting that some of these structures may exhibit superconductivity. These properties, as well as a predicted high electron mobility, make these structures promising as components in nanoelectronics. Experiments using femto-second laser pulses for the irradiation of organic liquids suggest that such structures may appear under certain conditions. In particular, a new type of iron carbide has been found in these experiments.