Compact Electromagnetic Band-Gap Structures (EBG) and Its Applications in Antenna Systems
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This dissertation is focused on design of compact electromagnetic magnetic band-gap structures (EBG). Several popular compact techniques are introduced and analyzed with equivalent surface impedance model. A novel compact EBG structure is investigated. Compared to the conventional uniplanar compact photonic band gap (UC-PBG) structure, a size reduction of 64.7% is achieved. A distinctive band gap is observed at 2.45 GHz with around 100 MHz bandwidth and zero reflection phase. Antenna applications of this novel EBG structure, including EBG patch antenna and EBG antenna array, have been presented. Simulation results further verify its characteristic of suppressing surface waves. For the EBG patch antenna, a more focused radiation pattern is obtained compared to a normal patch antenna. For an antenna array, the presence of EBG structure reduces the mutual coupling between the two radiating elements by 6 dB.