Decoherence by a non-Markovian and non-Gaussian Environment
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This thesis studies a spin-star model and an open spin-star model. The spin-star model is exactly solvable, and the approximation methods can be applied and compared with the exact solution. As this model is shown to be non-Gaussian and non-Markovian, Born-Markovian approximation is not valid. The comparison of Nakajima-Zwanzig and time-convolutionless methods show that the performances of those two techniques depend on the specific property of the model. The open spin-star model is not exactly solvable and the analytical solution under Gaussian approximation is obtained.