Automatic Feature Recognition and Tool Path Generation Integrated with Process Planning
Somavar Muniappan, Vinodhkumar
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The simulation and implementation of Automatic recognition of features from Boundary representation solid models and tool path generation for precision machining of features with free form surfaces is presented in this thesis. A new approach for extracting machining features from a CAD model is developed for a wide range of application domains. Feature-based representation is a technology for integrating geometric modeling and engineering analysis for the life cycle. The concept of feature incorporates the association of a specific engineering meaning to a part of the model. The overall goal of feature-based representations is to convert low level geometrical information into high level description in terms of form, functional, manufacturing or assembly features. Using the boundary representation technique, the information required for manufacturing process can be directly extracted from the CAD model. It also consists of a parameterization strategy to extract user-defined parameters from the recognized features. The extracted parameters from the individual features are used to generate the tool path for machining operations regardless of the intersection of one or more features. The tool path generation is carried out in two phases such as roughing and finishing. Various types of tool paths such as one-way, zig-zag, contour parallel are generated according to the type of the feature for the roughing operation. The algorithm automatically plans the sequence of machining operation with respect to the feature location, and also selects the type of tool and tool path to be used according to the feature. The finishing operation uses the tool path generation strategy in the same manner as used in roughing operation. The algorithm is implemented using the Solid works API library and verified with CNC milling simulator. The results of the work proved the efficiency of this approach and it demonstrate the applicability.