Nonparametric Neighbourhood Based Multiscale Model for Image Analysis and Understanding
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Image processing applications such as image denoising, image segmentation, object detection, object recognition and texture synthesis often require a multi-scale analysis of images. This is useful because different features in the image become prominent at different scales. Traditional imaging models, which have been used for multi-scale analysis of images, have several limitations such as high sensitivity to noise and structural degradation observed at higher scales. Parametric models make certain assumptions about the image structure which may or may not be valid in several situations. Non-parametric methods, on the other hand, are very flexible and adapt to the underlying image structure more easily. It is highly desirable to have effi cient non-parametric models for image analysis, which can be used to build robust image processing algorithms with little or no prior knowledge of the underlying image content. In this thesis, we propose a non-parametric pixel neighbourhood based framework for multi-scale image analysis and apply the model to build image denoising and saliency detection algorithms for the purpose of illustration. It has been shown that the algorithms based on this framework give competitive results without using any prior information about the image statistics.