Compressed Sensing in the Presence of Side Information
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Reconstruction of continuous signals from a number of their discrete samples is central to digital signal processing. Digital devices can only process discrete data and thus processing the continuous signals requires discretization. After discretization, possibility of unique reconstruction of the source signals from their samples is crucial. The classical sampling theory provides bounds on the sampling rate for unique source reconstruction, known as the Nyquist sampling rate. Recently a new sampling scheme, Compressive Sensing (CS), has been formulated for sparse signals. CS is an active area of research in signal processing. It has revolutionized the classical sampling theorems and has provided a new scheme to sample and reconstruct sparse signals uniquely, below Nyquist sampling rates. A signal is called (approximately) sparse when a relatively large number of its elements are (approximately) equal to zero. For the class of sparse signals, sparsity can be viewed as prior information about the source signal. CS has found numerous applications and has improved some image acquisition devices. Interesting instances of CS can happen, when apart from sparsity, side information is available about the source signals. The side information can be about the source structure, distribution, etc. Such cases can be viewed as extensions of the classical CS. In such cases we are interested in incorporating the side information to either improve the quality of the source reconstruction or decrease the number of the required samples for accurate reconstruction. A general CS problem can be transformed to an equivalent optimization problem. In this thesis, a special case of CS with side information about the feasible region of the equivalent optimization problem is studied. It is shown that in such cases uniqueness and stability of the equivalent optimization problem still holds. Then, an efficient reconstruction method is proposed. To demonstrate the practical value of the proposed scheme, the algorithm is applied on two real world applications: image deblurring in optical imaging and surface reconstruction in the gradient field. Experimental results are provided to further investigate and confirm the effectiveness and usefulness of the proposed scheme.