Simulation methods for the temporal and frequency dynamics of optical communication systems
Reimer, Michael Andrew
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I examine two methods for modeling the temporal dynamics of optical communication networks that rapidly and accurately simulate the statistics of unlikely but physically significant system configurations. First, I implement a fiber emulator based upon a random uniform walk over the Poincaré sphere that reproduces the expected polarization temporal autocorrelation statistics with a small number of emulator sections. While easy to implement numerically, the increased computational efficiency afforded by this approach allow simulations of the PMD temporal dynamics to be preferentially biased towards regions of low probability using standard multicanonical methods for the first time. Then, in a subsequent study, I present a general transition matrix formalism that additionally applies to other time-dependent communication systems. I compare the numerical accuracy of several transition matrix sampling techniques and show that straightforward modifications of the acceptance rule can significantly increase computational efficiency if the numerical parameters are chosen to ensure a small self-transition probability within each discretized histogram bin. The general applicability of the transition matrix method is then demonstrated by calculating the outage dynamics associated with the hinge model of polarization evolution and, separately, fading in wireless communication channels. Further, I develop a Magnus expansion formalism for the rapid and accurate estimation of the frequency dynamics of optical polarization that extends the work of Ref. to systems with PMD and PDL. My approach reproduces the power-series expansion and differential equation solution techniques of previous authors while also preserving the required symmetries of the exact solution in every expansion order. This significantly improves the bandwidth of high estimation accuracy, making this method well-suited to the stochastic analysis of PMD and PDL induced system penalty while also yielding physically realizable operator expansions applicable to the joint compensation of PMD and PDL. Finally, I employ high-speed polarimetery to demonstrate experimentally that low-amplitude mechanical excitations of commercially available dispersion compensation modules can excite high-frequency, > 75,000 rotations/s, polarization transients that are nearly invariant between successive measurements. I extend this procedure to measurements of the transient evolution of PMD.