Pipe and Ductwork Progress Tracking using 3D Sensing Technologies
MetadataShow full item record
Automated construction progress tracking is becoming critical to efficient and effective construction management. More and more construction companies are putting aside the old way of tracking progress, which was mainly based on foremen daily reports and visual inspections, and are adopting 3D sensing technologies as a new and modern way of tracking progress. Technologies such as 3D laser scanners (LADARs) are investigated as a means to acquire comprehensive 3D point-cloud data which can then be studied by management to determine the progress of construction. Although being much more accurate and efficient than visual inspections, this new progress tracking approach can be improved by applying object recognition algorithms that enable an automated progress tracking. This new approach has been investigated by other researchers, but only for progress tracking of structural elements. This study focuses on mechanical objects such as pipes and ducts, which would give the progress tracking a better level of detail and a wider scope. The investigation is carried out on a field database acquired during the construction of the Engineering VI Building at the University of Waterloo. It was found that the laser scanning technology is a suitable method for acquiring point-clouds of pipes and ductwork, and also that the object recognition algorithm used in this study allows a progress tracking as well as a quality tracking of the HVAC system installation.