Multipath Miller Compensation for Switched-Capacitor Systems
A hybrid operational amplifier compensation technique using Miller and multipath compensation is presented for multi-stage amplifier designs. Unconditional stability is achieved by the means of pole-zero cancellation where left-half zeros cancel out the non-dominant poles of the operational amplifier. The compensation technique is stable over process, temperature, and voltage variations. Compared to conventional Miller-compensation, the proposed compensation technique exhibits improved settling response for operational amplifiers with the same gain, bandwidth, power, and area. For the same settling time, the proposed compensation technique will require less area and consume less power than conventional Miller-compensation. Furthermore, the proposed technique exhibits improved output slew rate and lower noise over the conventional Miller-compensation technique. Two-stage operational amplifiers were designed in a 0.18µm CMOS process using the proposed technique and conventional Miller-compensated technique. The design procedure for the two-stage amplifier is applicable for higher-order amplifier designs. The amplifiers were incorporated into a switched-capacitor oscillator where the oscillation harmonics are dependent on the settling behaviour of the op amps. The superior settling response of the proposed compensation technique results in a improved output waveform from the oscillator.