On Schnyder's Theorm
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The central topic of this thesis is Schnyder's Theorem. Schnyder's Theorem provides a characterization of planar graphs in terms of their poset dimension, as follows: a graph G is planar if and only if the dimension of the incidence poset of G is at most three. One of the implications of the theorem is proved by giving an explicit mapping of the vertices to R^2 that defines a straightline embedding of the graph. The other implication is proved by introducing the concept of normal labelling. Normal labellings of plane triangulations can be used to obtain a realizer of the incidence poset. We present an exposition of Schnyder’s theorem with his original proof, using normal labellings. An alternate proof of Schnyder’s Theorem is also presented. This alternate proof does not use normal labellings, instead we use some structural properties of a realizer of the incidence poset to deduce the result. Some applications and a generalization of one implication of Schnyder’s Theorem are also presented in this work. Normal labellings of plane triangulations can be used to obtain a barycentric embedding of a plane triangulation, and they also induce a partition of the edge set of a plane triangulation into edge disjoint trees. These two applications of Schnyder’s Theorem and a third one, relating realizers of the incidence poset and canonical orderings to obtain a compact drawing of a graph, are also presented. A generalization, to abstract simplicial complexes, of one of the implications of Schnyder’s Theorem was proved by Ossona de Mendez. This generalization is also presented in this work. The concept of order labelling is also introduced and we show some similarities of the order labelling and the normal labelling. Finally, we conclude this work by showing the source code of some implementations done in Sage.
Cite this version of the work
Fidel Barrera-Cruz (2010). On Schnyder's Theorm. UWSpace. http://hdl.handle.net/10012/5358