Remotely Sensed Data Segmentation under a Spatial Statistics Framework
In remote sensing, segmentation is a procedure of partitioning the domain of a remotely sensed dataset into meaningful regions which correspond to different land use and land cover (LULC) classes or part of them. So far, the remotely sensed data segmentation is still one of the most challenging problems addressed by the remote sensing community, partly because of the availability of remotely sensed data from diverse sensors of various platforms with very high spatial resolution (VHSR). Thus, there is a strong motivation to propose a sophisticated data representation that can capture the significant amount of details presented in a VHSR dataset and to search for a more powerful scheme suitable for multiple remotely sensed data segmentations. This thesis focuses on the development of a segmentation framework for multiple VHSR remotely sensed data. The emphases are on VHSR data model and segmentation strategy. Starting with the domain partition of a given remotely sensed dataset, a hierarchical data model characterizing the structures hidden in the dataset locally, regionally and globally is built by three random fields: Markova random field (MRF), strict stationary random field (RF) and label field. After defining prior probability distributions which should capture and characterize general and scene-specific knowledge about model parameters and the contextual structure of accurate segmentations, the Bayesian based segmentation framework, which can lead to algorithmic implementation for multiple remotely sensed data, is developed by integrating both the data model and the prior knowledge. To verify the applicability and effectiveness of the proposed segmentation framework, the segmentation algorithms for different types of remotely sensed data are designed within the proposed segmentation framework. The first application relates to SAR intensity image processing, including segmentation and dark spot detection by marked point process. In the second application, the algorithms for LiDAR point cloud segmentation and building detection are developed. Finally, texture and colour texture segmentation problems are tackled within the segmentation framework. All applications demonstrate that the proposed data model provides efficient representations for hierarchical structures hidden in remotely sensed data and the developed segmentation framework leads to successful data processing algorithms for multiple data and task such as segmentation and object detection.