Viterbi Decoding for OFDM systems operating in narrow band interference
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Our main objective in this thesis is to study the effect of narrow band interference on OFDM systems operating in the 2.4 Ghz ISM band and identify ways to improve upon existing techniques to deal with them. We first consider how narrow band signals interfere with OFDM systems. Various noise variance estimation and signal to noise ratio estimation techniques for OFDM systems are then discussed. We also study the conventional Viterbi Algorithm that is used in OFDM wireless systems and the proposed modifications to it in the literature. Our main contribution is a detailed experimental analysis of a modified Viterbi Algorithm that outperforms the conventional one in the presence of narrow band interference. Interference samples captured using a wireless hardware platform were used in simulation to test this modified algorithm. From our analysis we realize that in the presence of narrow band frequency selective interference (such as Bluetooth), the conventional Viterbi Algorithm can be modified to improve the performance of OFDM systems.