Novel Quadruple-mode, Dual-mode and Dual-band Dielectric Resonator Filters and Multiplexers
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Dielectric resonators offer high-Q (low loss) characteristics which make them ideal for filters with narrow bandwidth and low insertion loss specifications. They are mainly used in satellite and wireless system applications. Such applications desire the highest performance filters with the lowest amount of size and mass, which has been the main motivation for size reduction techniques invented over the past three decades for these filters. In addition with the emergence of different communication system technologies, several bands are now required to be supported by a single front-end, calling for emergence and development of dual-band and multi-band filters. To date few work has been done in the area of dual-band dielectric resonator filters. Dielectric resonators filters are important components in many communication systems, when a group of such filters are brought together to perform multiplexing of RF channels. These multiplexer systems tend to be fairly complex and bulky in design, and there is strong desire to reduce their size and mass to the maximum extent possible. Novel quadruple-mode, dual-mode, and dual-band filters as well multiplexers are presented in this thesis. The first ever quadruple-mode dielectric resonator filter using the simple cylinder structure is reported in this work. A cylindrical dielectric resonator sized appropriately in terms of its diameter and height is shown to operate as a quadruple-mode resonator, which is achieved by having two mode pairs of the structure resonate at the same frequency. Single-cavity, quad-mode filters and higher order 4n-pole filters are realizable using this quad-mode cylindrical resonator, offering significant size reduction for dielectric resonator filter applications. The structure of the quad-mode cylinder is then simplified by cutting lengthwise along the central axis of the cylinder, to produce a half-cut cylinder suitable for operation in a dual-mode regime. Novel dual-mode, 2n-pole filters are realizable using this half-cut cylinder, by making the two resonances equal in frequency. The dual-mode half-cut filter is shown to be a strong contender for replacing existing dual-mode filters used in satellite and wireless applications, as it offers superior size and mass characteristics. By making the resonances unequal in frequency, novel dual-band filters and multiplexers are further realizable, by carrying separate frequency bands on different resonant modes of the structure. The first true orthogonal mode dual-band dielectric resonator is presented in this work, using the half-cut structure. Multiplexers are also derived from these dual-band resonators, which greatly reduce size and mass of many-channel multiplexers at the system level, as each two channels are overloaded in one physical branch. Full control of center frequencies of resonances, input and inter-resonator couplings are achievable, allowing realization of microwave filters with different bandwidth, frequency, and return loss specifications, as well as advanced filtering functions with prescribed transmission zeros. Spurious performance of the half-cut cylinder can also be improved by cutting one or more through-way slots between opposite surfaces of the resonator. Size and mass reduction achieved by using the full and half-cut resonators described in this thesis, provide various levels of size reduction in microwave systems, both device and system level.