Optimum Power Allocation for Cooperative Communications
Fareed, Muhammad Mehboob
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Cooperative communication is a new class of wireless communication techniques in which wireless nodes help each other relay information and realize spatial diversity advantages in a distributed manner. This new transmission technique promises significant performance gains in terms of link reliability, spectral efficiency, system capacity, and transmission range. Analysis and design of cooperative communication wireless systems have been extensively studied over the last few years. The introduction and integration of cooperative communication in next generation wireless standards will lead to the design of an efficient and reliable fully-distributed wireless network. However, there are various technical challenges and open issues to be resolved before this promising concept becomes an integral part of the modern wireless communication devices. A common assumption in the literature on cooperative communications is the equal distribution of power among the cooperating nodes. Optimum power allocation is a key technique to realize the full potentials of relay-assisted transmission promised by the recent information-theoretic results. In this dissertation, we present a comprehensive framework for power allocation problem. We investigate the error rate performance of cooperative communication systems and further devise open-loop optimum power allocation schemes to optimize the performance. By exploiting the information about the location of cooperating nodes, we are able to demonstrate significant improvements in the system performance. In the first part of this dissertation, we consider single-relay systems with amplify-and-forward relaying. We derive upper bounds for bit error rate performance assuming various cooperation protocols and minimize them under total power constraint. In the second part, we consider a multi-relay network with decode-and-forward relaying. We propose a simple relay selection scheme for this multi-relay system to improve the throughput of the system, further optimize its performance through power allocation. Finally, we consider a multi-source multi-relay broadband cooperative network. We derive and optimize approximate symbol error rate of this OFDMA (orthogonal frequency division multiple access) system.