A Requirements-Based Partition Testing Framework Using Particle Swarm Optimization Technique
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Modern society is increasingly dependent on the quality of software systems. Software failure can cause severe consequences, including loss of human life. There are various ways of fault prevention and detection that can be deployed in different stages of software development. Testing is the most widely used approach for ensuring software quality. Requirements-Based Testing and Partition Testing are two of the widely used approaches for testing software systems. Although both of these techniques are mature and are addressed widely in the literature and despite the general agreement on both of these key techniques of functional testing, a combination of them lacks a systematic approach. In this thesis, we propose a framework along with a procedural process for testing a system using Requirements-Based Partition Testing (RBPT). This framework helps testers to start from the requirements documents and follow a straightforward step by step process to generate the required test cases without loosing any required data. Although many steps of the process are manual, the framework can be used as a foundation for automating the whole test case generation process. Another issue in testing a software product is the test case selection problem. Choosing appropriate test cases is an essential part of software testing that can lead to significant improvements in efficiency, as well as reduced costs of combinatorial testing. Unfortunately, the problem of finding minimum size test sets is NP-complete in general. Therefore, artificial intelligence-based search algorithms have been widely used for generating near-optimal solutions. In this thesis, we also propose a novel technique for test case generation using Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO), an effective optimization tool which has emerged in the last decade. Empirical studies show that in some domains particle swarm optimization is equally well-suited or even better than some other techniques. At the same time, a particle swarm algorithm is much simpler, easier to implement, and has just a few parameters that the user needs to adjust. These properties make PSO an ideal technique for test case generation. In order to have a fair comparison of our newly proposed algorithm against existing techniques, we have designed and implemented a framework for automatic evaluation of these methods. Through experiments using our evaluation framework, we illustrate how this new test case generation technique can outperform other existing methodologies.