Impact of Wavefront-Guided Laser in situ Keratomileusis on Monochromatic Higher Order Aberrations and Vision
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Wavefront-guided (WFG) laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) differs from conventional surgery by applying a refined algorithm for tissue removal, based on information from preoperative wavefront aberration data. Since the introduction of this technology, there have been few investigations comprehensively reporting outcomes, particularly for hyperopic treatments. This thesis aimed to determine the impact of myopic and hyperopic WFG LASIK on visual acuity, contrast sensitivity, higher order aberrations and subjective ratings, as well as determine the relationship between these outcome measures. Bilateral WFG LASIK was performed on 324 myopic eyes (162 subjects) and 62 hyperopic eyes (31 subjects). High contrast (HC) and low contrast (LC) best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and contrast sensitivity were assessed using ETDRS charts and vertical sinusoidal gratings, respectively. Higher order ocular aberrations were measured using a Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor and analyzed across a 5.0 mm pupil. Subjective ratings were assessed using a closed-ended categorical questionnaire. Assessments were conducted prior to surgery and at three and six months postoperatively. WFG LASIK had minimal impact on BCVA and contrast sensitivity; however there was an impact on the magnitude and profile of higher order aberrations, which differed between the myopic and hyperopic groups. There was a greater increase in higher order aberrations for the hyperopic group, who also had a tendency to have lower visual outcomes and worse subjective ratings. Despite these results, there were no associations between subjective ratings and higher order aberrations, LC BCVA or contrast sensitivity for both groups and a clear understanding of the relationship between these outcome measures was not apparent. Factor analysis revealed a variety of factors that contributed to the outcome measures for this data set, with the three main factors being: subjective ratings, vision and optical quality. In conclusion, WFG LASIK had excellent outcomes in terms of visual acuity, contrast sensitivity, and subjective ratings, despite an increase in higher order aberrations compared with those found prior to surgery. Hyperopic outcomes were slightly worse than myopic outcomes. Further investigation is required to determine the impact of higher order aberrations on visual acuity, contrast sensitivity and subjective ratings, as well as the relationship between these measures.
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Nancy Keir (2008). Impact of Wavefront-Guided Laser in situ Keratomileusis on Monochromatic Higher Order Aberrations and Vision. UWSpace. http://hdl.handle.net/10012/3813