QoS Routing in Wireless Mesh Networks
Abdelkader, Tamer Ahmed Mostafa Mohammed
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Wireless Mesh Networking is envisioned as an economically viable paradigm and a promising technology in providing wireless broadband services. The wireless mesh backbone consists of fixed mesh routers that interconnect different mesh clients to themselves and to the wireline backbone network. In order to approach the wireline servicing level and provide same or near QoS guarantees to different traffic flows, the wireless mesh backbone should be quality-of-service (QoS) aware. A key factor in designing protocols for a wireless mesh network (WMN) is to exploit its distinct characteristics, mainly immobility of mesh routers and less-constrained power consumption. In this work, we study the effect of varying the transmission power to achieve the required signal-to-interference noise ratio for each link and, at the same time, to maximize the number of simultaneously active links. We propose a QoS-aware routing framework by using transmission power control. The framework addresses both the link scheduling and QoS routing problems with a cross-layer design taking into consideration the spatial reuse of the network bandwidth. We formulate an optimization problem to find the optimal link schedule and use it as a fitness function in a genetic algorithm to find candidate routes. Using computer simulations, we show that by optimal power allocation the QoS constraints for the different traffic flows are met with more efficient bandwidth utilization than the minimum power allocations.