A New Design of Multiple Classifier System and its Application to Classification of Time Series Data
To solve the challenging pattern classification problem, machine learning researchers have extensively studied Multiple Classifier Systems (MCSs). The motivations for combining classifiers are found in the literature from the statistical, computational and representational perspectives. Although the results of classifier combination does not always outperform the best individual classifier in the ensemble, empirical studies have demonstrated its superiority for various applications. A number of viable methods to design MCSs have been developed including bagging, adaboost, rotation forest, and random subspace. They have been successfully applied to solve various tasks. Currently, most of the research is being conducted on the behavior patterns of the base classifiers in the ensemble. However, a discussion from the learning point of view may provide insights into the robust design of MCSs. In this thesis, Generalized Exhaustive Search and Aggregation (GESA) method is developed for this objective. Robust performance is achieved using GESA by dynamically adjusting the trade-off between fitting the training data adequately and preventing the overfitting problem. Besides its learning algorithm, GESA is also distinguished from traditional designs by its architecture and level of decision-making. GESA generates a collection of ensembles and dynamically selects the most appropriate ensemble for decision-making at the local level. Although GESA provides a good improvement over traditional approaches, it is not very data-adaptive. A data- adaptive design of MCSs demands that the system can adaptively select representations and classifiers to generate effective decisions for aggregation. Another weakness of GESA is its high computation cost which prevents it from being scaled to large ensembles. Generalized Adaptive Ensemble Generation and Aggregation (GAEGA) is an extension of GESA to overcome these two difficulties. GAEGA employs a greedy algorithm to adaptively select the most effective representations and classifiers while excluding the noise ones as much as possible. Consequently, GAEGA can generate fewer ensembles and significantly reduce the computation cost. Bootstrapped Adaptive Ensemble Generation and Aggregation (BAEGA) is another extension of GESA, which is similar with GAEGA in the ensemble generation and decision aggregation. BAEGA adopts a different data manipulation strategy to improve the diversity of the generated ensembles and utilize the information in the data more effectively. As a specific application, the classification of time series data is chosen for the research reported in this thesis. This type of data contains dynamic information and proves to be more complex than others. Multiple Input Representation-Adaptive Ensemble Generation and Aggregation (MIR-AEGA) is derived from GAEGA for the classification of time series data. MIR-AEGA involves some novel representation methods that proved to be effective for time series data. All the proposed methods including GESA, GAEGA, MIR-AEGA, and BAEGA are tested on simulated and benchmark data sets from popular data repositories. The experimental results confirm that the newly developed methods are effective and efficient.