Assessing the Role of the Private Sector in Non-Communicable Disease Prevention, Management, and Control: A Systematic Review
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Background: Due to the high mortality rates globally, addressing non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is a priority included in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Because the private sector is growing as a provider of health-related goods and services in many places, especially where public sector programs are weak, it has been identified as a significant stakeholder in health systems’ management of NCDs. Yet the contributions of the private health sector to addressing NCDs has not been systematically evaluated. Research Question: This study aims to identify and assess the private sector’s role in the prevention, management, and control of NCDs. More specifically, this study will evaluate existing frameworks that have been applied to identify key themes that need to be considered in evaluating the contribution of the private sector in addressing the global burden of NCDs. Methods: A systematic review was conducted in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) process. Three types of databases were consulted: health and medicine, multidisciplinary, and business focused, and grey literature searches were also conducted using a search plan template. Results: A total of 30 articles were included, which were used to identify the six themes that outlined the roles that the for-profit private sector plays in NCD management and control. The thematic areas that emerged as important included healthcare provision, innovation, knowledge mobilization, health system investment and financing, public-private partnerships (PPPs), and governance and policy. Conclusion: This study provides insights on the role of the private sector in controlling and monitoring NCDs. The findings suggest substantial work is needed across sectors for the private sector to effectively manage and control in NCDs. These areas include healthcare provision, PPPs, knowledge mobilization, direct investment and finance, innovation, and governance and policy.
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Nadia Somani (2022). Assessing the Role of the Private Sector in Non-Communicable Disease Prevention, Management, and Control: A Systematic Review. UWSpace. http://hdl.handle.net/10012/18266